Monday, September 16, 2019

Bengal through Chinese eyes

                                       Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited
A 15th century account of Bengal by the famous Chinese traveller Ma Huan

Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty, hanging scroll, ink and color on silk, 220 x 150 cm. Located at the National Palace Museum, Taibei. Chengzu is commonly called the Yung-lo Emperor. This picture shows him sitting in the ‘Dragon’ chair. He ordered Cheng Ho to go as envoy to the kingdoms in the India Ocean including Bengal.

The following account of Ma Huan was written at the commencement of the fifteenth century. It is a chapter taken from a work, bearing the title Ying-yai-sheng-lan (a general account of the shores of the ocean) compiled by Ma Huan who was an interpreter attached to the suite of Cheng Ho who was sent to the various kingdoms of the Indian Ocean by the Chinese Emperor Yung-lo. This account was translated by Geo. Phillips. The translation was originally published in The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland in its July 1895 issue. The object of the expedition was that the Emperor feared that Hui-ti, his predecessor, whom he had driven out of the throne, was concealing himself in some country over the sea; he wanted to trace him, and at the same time display his military force in foreign countries, in order to show that China was rich and strong. In 1413 Ma Huan accompanied Admiral Chengo Ho, along with the other interpreter Guo Chongli, on the fourth voyage which took the fleet for the first time to Hormuz. After that, he went on the voyage during 1421-23 and on the last voyage in 1431-33 when he journeyed to Mecca with the mission. During these three voyages the Chinese missions came to Bengal and Ma Huan acquired first-hand knowledge about the country. Back in 1416, he had prepared the first draft of his work along with a foreword. It was given its final form in 1433. His colleague Guo Chongli could print the book only in 1451, as the foreword of that year by the imperial clerk Gu Po testifies.



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Sunday, September 8, 2019

The Food Ranger’s gastronomic adventures in Dhaka


Earlier this year, globally renowned vlogger Trevor James aka The Food Ranger visited Dhaka, exploring the city’s culinary gems. To no one’s surprise, videos featuring his food outings in Dhaka took social media by storm. After all, Trevor and his videos are immensely popular -- having travelled and filmed gastronomic adventures in many parts of the globe. In an exclusive interview with The Daily Star, the Canadian globetrotter and food connoisseur currently based in China, spoke about his Bangladesh trip and how he now reflects back on Dhaka. 


What were your expectations when you were planning the Dhaka trip?

Trevor: Before landing in Dhaka, I wasn’t sure what to expect. I was curious about Dhaka and Bangladesh and didn’t really know what it would be like. I also wasn’t too sure about what the food would be like but was looking forward to tasting the local cuisine.

Before arriving, to be honest, I didn’t really feel it would be much different from other countries in the region. After exploring the streets and trying out food at local restaurants, I was completely blown away!

Having tasted food in so many cities, where do you put Dhaka on the culinary map? What’s unique about this city?


Trevor: To me, it was all about the incredible variety of spices and the vast array of fish dishes to try, and of course the flavour of mustard! After having the bhorta and fish dishes, I was taken aback by the intense and delightful flavours. Food-wise, Dhaka is definitely one of the favourite cities I’ve visited.
If you have to pick just one dish from Dhaka, what would that be?
TREVOR: That’s a tough call! But trying out bhorta for the first time at Nirob Hotel was an unforgettable experience. It made me realise how incredibly complex and delicious food in Dhaka is.
In the videos you shot in Dhaka, you’re frequently heard referring to people as “Mama”…how did that come about?
TREVOR: My friend Shimon, who was showing us around Dhaka, told me I could respond to people with “thank you, mama”. I tried it a few times and found that everyone reacted in a very positive way. So, I kept saying it more and more, and pretty soon it was part of all the videos we filmed!
Photo: Courtesy

What kind of vibe did you get from Dhaka while filming? How do you, and your wife and videographer Ting, reflect upon the trip?

TREVOR: I found Dhaka to be a really cool city -- modern in certain areas and traditional in others. We loved exploring the bustling back alleys of Puran Dhaka as well as the modern areas of Gulshan and checked out some of the trendy restaurants there too.

There were some areas that were so busy and crowded… for me that’s what made it so exciting because I love to capture lots of energy and action on camera.

We thoroughly enjoyed our rickshaw ride around Puran Dhaka. It was almost relaxing in a way to sit down, elevated above the foot traffic, watching the street scene and looking out for delicious food to try.

Moreover, we had no idea that we would be barely asked to pay for things. We would insist on paying, but to no avail.

Canadians are known to be polite, but I had no idea hospitality like what we experienced in Dhaka, exists.

My wife Ting fell in love with Bangladesh too. She was unsure about what to expect. Your country may not be that prominent on the tourism trail at the moment, but after leaving the airport and walking around, she kept saying how cool Bangladesh is and how safe she felt.

You also visited Chattogram. What was the culinary experience like in the port city?

TREVOR: The mezbani beef was unreal! The huge pots of beef curry over wood fire were a sight to behold!

Next time we come back, we want to visit Sylhet and also go down to Mawa Ghat to try ilish fried in mustard oil. We fell in love with Bangladesh and can’t wait to revisit!

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The Daily Star
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12:00 AM, September 07, 2019 / LAST MODIFIED: 06:43 AM, September 07, 2019

Saturday, August 31, 2019

Dendrocygna bicolour

                                                 Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited

014. Dendrocygna bicolour (Vieillot, 1816) Synonym: Anse' r bicolor Vieillot, 1816
English name: Fulvous Whistling Duck (Fulvous Treeduck, Large Whistling Teal)
Bangla name: Raj Shorali, Bada Sharal (SA)

Description: The Fulvous Whistling Duck is a bright fulvous duck with a prominent white rump-band (length 51 cm, weight 700 g, wing 22 cm,

bill 4.7 cm, tarsus 5.8 cm, tail 5.5 cm). It has brownish-black upperparts and chestnut to cinnamon underparts. Its head is rufous-orange with a dark rufous-brown crown. It has a dark black line down its hind-neck and dark streaks on its fore-neck. Its flank has prominent whitish streaks and rump has a  the tundra of Siberia in the summer. The nest is made of plant materials and down. The female lays 3-6 pale brown eggs. The female alone incubates. Incubation takes 22-28 days.

Distribution: It is a vagrant to Bangladesh. There is one sighting in the winter in a river in Dhaka Division. Its global range extends through North America, Europe and Asia.

Status: It is not considered a globally threatened bird. It is not protected by the Bangladesh Wildlife Preservation Act.

Miscellaneous: The scientific name Anser albifrons means a white-fronted goose (Latin: anser = a goose, albus = white, frons = the forehead).



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Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of  Bangladesh -BIRDS-Volume 26- Page: 14-15.

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Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758

Synonyms: Elephas maximus Holmre, 
1766; Elephas indicus Kelaart, 1852; 
Elephas sumatranus Schlgel 1861. 
English names: Asian Elephant, Indian Elephant. Local names: Hati, Hosti, Oirabot. 
                                                  Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited


Description: Largest and haviest land mammal of Bangladesh, with long trunk and very broad ears. Looks grey with thick loose, sparsely covered hairy skin. Male larger than female. Long trunk, sail-like ears that make it an easily recognized animal. Head very large, neck short, body bulky. Limbs thick and very straight and are about equal in length (Finn,1999). Double-domed forehead and ears triangular (Menon, 2003). Eyes tiny but vision keen. Nostril and upper lip elongated into a proboscis, which is powerful and sensitive organ specialised as prehensile, food gathering structure. Ers large, triangular; skin thick and loose, sparsely covered with hairs. The niale elephant has modified incisor teeth known as tusks while the females have small dental protuberance known as tusks. The tusk may grow up to 1.8 m and a pair may weigh 72-73 kg (Prater, 1971). Tusk may have up to 27 ridges across the crown (Khan, 1985). 
Upper incisors in male protrude from the mouth on either side of the trun as tusks. Tail includes a row of long coarse hairs before behind and around the tip. Tail comparatively short with tassel of bristles (Kabir, 2002). Legs pillar-like . All the five toes jointed into cine pad , but the circular sole on soft padded, and palm each has 4 and 5 nails respectively (Khan, 1985). Some males, known as makhnas, are tuskless and are distinguished from adult females by the penis that bulges under the tail. Colour: deep grey. Size: length 6.5 m, shoulder height 2.4-2.7 m and weight 3 tones (Menon, 2003). 

Habits: A social animal and found in herds of 5-60 or more with closely relates individuals e.g., a mature bull, a number of cows and calves, and some younger bulls. The females and young are gregarious in habit, but the males are often solitary. Fond of bathing and wallowing during the hot weather and often take up dust etc., to cover their back while exposed to the sun. They also squirt water over themselves with the help of the trunk. They are restless, but remain quiet during the mid­ day. Migrate over along distances in search of food and water, or for security. Use the same forest corridors for many hundreds of years. If their corridor is blocked they enter human settlements. Feeds on grasses, banana plants, bamboo, tree barks, leaves, fruits, flowers, grass and other vegetations and also raid crops. Elephants use their dextrous trunk to pluck at grasses and pass them into their mouths, the aver_age daily intake of food is about 150 kg of vegetation (Animal Diversity Web, 2009). They need 80-200 litres of water a day. It produces sound with deep oonks by its trunk (Khan, 2008). The elephants breed mainly between March and June (Khan, 2008). The bull reaches sexual maturity at the age of 15, while cows mature earlier. The cow at the age of 9-15 years gives birth usually to a single young after a gestation period of 22 months. Twins are rare. The newborn, which may be 0.9 m tall weighing about 90 kg grows rapidly (Kabir, 2002; Menon, 2003). The calf runs under its mother's body when quite small. The calf starts to eat grass when 6 months of age. Males have home ranges of about 15 sq km, and herds of females of about 30 sq km (larger in the dry season). When a The cow at the age of 9-15 years gives birth usually to a single young after a gestation period of 22 months. Twins are rare. The newborn, which may be 0.9 m tall weighing about 90 kg grows rapidly (Kabir, 2002; Menon, 2003). The calf runs under its mother's body when quite small. The calf starts to eat grass when 6 months of age. Males have home ranges of about 15 sq km, and herds of females of about 30 sq km (larger in the dry season). When a potential predator such as a lion or tiger threatens a calf, the adults form a defensive circle with the calf in the middle. Adult elephants are probably not susceptible to predation by any species other than humans. The Asian Elephant may live as long as 70 years. 

Habitat: Inhabits mixed deciduous forests and adjacent villages, evergreen, semi-evergreen forests, scrubs, tea states, grasslands, marshes, savannas and lowlands. 

Distribution: In Bangladesh the species occurs in mixed evergreen forests of Southeast and Northeast Bangladesh including Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Teknaf Penninsula and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. It also lives n deciduous forests and adjacent villages in the northern border of Bangladesh. Although once elephants were found in the forests of Sylhet and Madhupur, now in Bangladesh they are available only in certain areas of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Occasionally wild elephants from Indian territory enter in Balijpur and Durgaptl:F areas of Mymensingh, and Patharika areas of Sy,ett (Kabir, 2002). Its range extends through India Sri\ Lanka, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia and China (extinct in the wild), Brunei, Bhutan to Southeast Asia (Asmat and Hannan, 2007). Asian elephants were formerly widely distributed south of the Himalayas, throughout Southeast Asia, and in China as far north as the Yangtze River (Animal Diversity Web, 2008).

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Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of  Bangladesh

Wednesday, July 17, 2019


Tiger Tours Limited (TTL) and Meet Greet and Assist (MGA), a Partnership Company have signed a Memorandum of Understanding today, Wednesday  the 17th July, 2019 at TTL office at House#6, RD#7, Niketan, Block-C  Dhaka 1212. They will jointly promote INBOUND & DOMESTIC tourism in Bangladesh. The MoU includes special focus on river cruises using Tiger Tours' purpose built luxurious vessel MV TANGUAR HAOR.

The agreement was signed by Group Captain (Retd) Mohammad Salimullah, Managing Partner, MGA and Mr.Abdul-Muyeed Chowdhury  Founder & CEO of TTL.

Thursday, July 11, 2019

Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758)

009. Synonym: Phasianus gallus Linnaeus, 1758 English name: Red Junglefowl
Bangla name: Lal Bonmurgi, Bon Morog (Act)

                                                  Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited


Description: The Red Junglefowl is a terrestrial bird whose male is very vocal in all seasons (length 57 cm, weight 1 kg, wing 20.5 cm, bill 2 cm, tarsus 7.5 cm, tail 24.7 cm). Its male differs from the

crown. It has a light rufous-brown underpart streaked with buff. Its irises are brown, comb is crimson, bill has a yellowish base and the rest is like that of the male. Both sexes have slaty-brown legs, feet and claws. Of the 5 known sub-species, G g. murghi occurs in Bangladesh. Red Junglefowl, male

Habit: It inhabits all forests and bamboo thickets. It is usually seen alone or in small family parties. It forages by walking and pecking on the ground. It feeds on grains, shoots of grass, crops, fruits, worms female. The male has deep orange-red upperparts with golden-yellow hackles across the nape and mantle. It has a greenish-black tail with sickle-shaped long central feathers. Its underparts are blackish-brown. It has a led comb and wattle respectively above and below the bill, orange-red irises, and brown bill with a reddish base. The female has a chestnut forehead and a dull-rufous

and insects. It is more active at dawn and dusk. Its male has a characteristic loud call: cock-a-doodle-doo. It breeds in January-October. The courtship display of the male includes fluffing of feathers and strutting around the hen. It nests on the ground covered by dense undergrowth. The nest is a scrape on the ground lined with grasses and leaves. The female lays 5-6 eggs, 4.5 x 3.4 cm each. The eggs are pale buff to pale reddish-brown. The female alone incubates. Incubation takes 20-21 days. The chicks leave the nest immediately after hatching and feed on their own.

Distribution: It is a common resident of Bangladesh. It occurs in all forests of Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna and Sylhet Divisions. Its global range is restricted to Asia and includes India, Nepal, Bhutan, the Maldives, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.

Status: It is not considered a globally threatened bird, nor it is so in Bangladesh. It is protected by the Bangladesh Wildlife Preservation Act.

Miscellaneous: The scientific name Gallus means a cock (Latin: gallus = farmyard cock). It is the wild ancestor of all domestic fowls.

'[Sajeda Begum]



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Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of  Bangladesh -BIRDS-Volume 26- Page: 08.

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Saturday, June 29, 2019

Rufous throated partridge of Bangladesh

008. Arborophila rufogularis (Blyth, 1849) Synonym: Arborophila intermedia Blyth, 1849 English name: Rufous-throated Partridge Bangla name: Lalgola Batai, Pahari Titir (Act)                                    
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Description: The Rufous-throated Partridge is a small terrestrial bird with a rufous-orange throat (length 27 cm, weight 355 g, wing 14 cm, bill 1.8 cm, tarsus 4 cm, tail 5.5 cm). Its male looks a little different from the female. It has golden olive-brown upperparts with black spots on the rump and uppertail-covert. Its forehead is grey and crown is olive-brown mottled with black. It has a greyish-white supercilium and white moustachial stripe. In the male the chin and throat are rufous, spotted with black and the fore-neck is rufous-orange. It has a slaty-grey breast and a narrow black band between the fore-neck and the breast. The female has fewer black spots on the chin and throat and more drops on the rest of its underparts. Both sexes have brown irises, red orbital and gular skin, blackish bill with red gape and red legs and horny claws. The juvenile has white spotted underparts and an unbarred mantle. Of the 6 known sub-species, A. r. intermedia occurs in Bangladesh. 

Habit: It inhabits the dense undergrowths on the banks of streams in the evergreen forests. It is usually seen in pairs or scattered parties of 5-6. It forages by walking slowly and pecking on the ground and vegetations. It feeds on seeds, berries, shoots and invertebrates like insects and molluscs. Its usual call is a low whistling note. It sings at dawn and dusk during the breeding season. The song is a double whistle: wheea-whu. It breeds in April-August. It nests on the ground surrounded by dense vegetation. The nest is a natural hollow on the ground, lined with grasses and leaves. The female usually lays 3-6 white eggs, 3.9 x 2.9, cm each. The female alone incubates. Incubation takes 20-21 days. 

Distribution: It is a rare resident of Bangladesh. It occurs in the evergreen forests of Sylhet Division. It also occured in Chittagong Division. Its global range extends through Asia, including India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. 

Status: It is not considered a globally threatened bird, however, considered a Data Deficient species in Bangladesh. It is protected by the Bangladesh Wildlife Preservation Act. 

Miscellaneous: The scientific name Arborophila rufogularis means red-throated tree-loving partridge (Latin: arbor = tree; Greek: philos = loving; Latin: rufus = red, gula = throat): 

[Sajeda Begum]


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Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of  Bangladesh -BIRDS-Volume 26- Page: 06-07.

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Saturday, June 22, 2019

TANGENTS Avian Tourism

Masked Finfoot, our avian treasure. Photo: Ihtisham kabir

Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited
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Ihtisham Kabir
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In recent years, while travelling abroad for bird photography, I have become an avian tourist. The idea is this. Suppose you are a devoted birder who wants to see the Yellow-headed Picathartes, a bizarre looking rare bird found in western Africa. You decide to fly to Ghana looking for it. But you will need a guide, someone who knows where to find the Picathartes. You will also need to rent a car, make bookings in hotels, etc. Before long you have planned an expedition and your friends join in.
Or, suppose you are a bird photographer, looking for lots of photogenic bird action in one place that you can approach and photograph. You decide to go to Australia, where there are many such places. This time you join a birding tour organized by a tour company which takes tourists to the right places so they can photograph to their hearts’ content.
These are examples of avian tourism, a service that provides guiding and logistics for global birdwatchers. Every year a large number of avian tourists travel all over the globe looking for birds. They are usually affluent folks willing to spend money to find what they are looking for.
Unfortunately Bangladesh rarely falls in their list of destinations. This is despite the fact that our avian bounty compares favourably countries that attract avian tourists.
Is avian tourism feasible here? Falling under two bird flyways, Bangladesh is extraordinarily rich in birdlife. The number of bird species seen here exceeds 700. This includes some rare and special birds that would be attractive to foreign birders, including Masked Finfoots, Pallas’s Fish Eagles, Black-capped Kingfishers, Brown-winged Kingfishers, Indian Skimmers, and Mangrove Pittas.
In addition, what appears commonplace to Bangladeshis may be exotic to foreign travellers. I have encountered foreign birders who were thrilled to see our Kalem (Purple Swamphen) and Machranga (Common Kingfisher) which are easily found here.
What are three or four places in Bangladesh suitable for the avian tourist?
First would be Sundarban. Inside this magnificent forest, it is possible to see exotic birds all year. Tourism in Sundarban has developed in recent years using launches where people sleep overnight, so why not use this?
Second would be the Haors – either Tanguar Haor, or Hail Haor/Baikka Beel. Hail Haor is about 3-3.5 hours from Dhaka. Tanguar is a longer travel distance but has many more birds in winter.
Third would be Satchori or another reserve forest. Shatchori is three hours drive from Dhaka and has, in recent years, become popular among our local bird photographers for its varied birds. Lawacherra is also in the same region and also offers the Hoolock Gibbon. For a more immersive experience tourists can try Rema Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary, one of the few primary forests left in Bangladesh.
Fourth would be Rajshahi and chars of the Padma. In recent years they have yielded phenomenal birding.
Inside Dhaka, avian tourists could visit the National Botanical Garden and the adjacent Zoo as well as the fields of Purbachol. Between them, these sites can offer perhaps 200 bird species.
I would argue we have the basic birdlife necessary for avian tourism. However, providing a satisfactory tourism service has other requirements – such as English-speaking guides, minimum hassles, and a pleasant overall experience. If these can be ensured, Bangladesh can become a destination for avian tourism.

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Tuesday, May 7, 2019

White-cheeked Partridge


 007.Arborophila atrogularis (Blyth, 1849) Synonym: Arboricola atrogularis Blyth, 1849 English name: White-cheeked Partridge Bangla name: Dholagal Batai.

                                                    Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited

 Description: The White-cheeked Partridge is a small terrestrial bird with a distinct white cheek (length 28 cm, weight 255 g, wing 13.7 cm, bill 2 cm, tarsus 4.3 cm, tail 6.2 cm). It has a grey forehead, olive-brown crown and orange-yellow hind-neck. The rest of its upperpart is light brown mottled or barred with black. It has a grey supercilium, black eye-stripe, white cheek and rufous-buff ear-coverts. Its scapulars have black and rufous bars. Its breast and flanks are grey with diffused black and white spots. It has a whitish abdomen and rufescent undertail-coverts with black spots and white edges. Its irises are brown or red-brown, orbital and gular skin is bright pink. The male has a black bill and dull orange to bright orange-red legs and feet. The female has a dark brown bill and dull wax-yellow legs and feet.

Habit: It inhabits the undergrowths and bamboo thickets of evergreen forests. It is usually seen in small groups. It forages by walking on the ground and nibbling the vegetation and pecking the ground. It feeds on seeds, berries, shoots, insects and tiny molluscs. When disturbed it runs swiftly and hides under leaves or bushes. It calls often at dusk. The usual call is a rolling whistling note: whew, whew. Its song is a loud, double whistling note. It breeds in March-April. It nests on the ground in scrub, grass or bamboos inside the forests. The nest is a natural hollow on the ground lined with leaves and grasses. The female usually lays 4-5 white eggs, 3.7 x 2.8 cm each. The female alone incubates.

Distribution: It is a rare resident of Bangladesh. It occurs in the evergreen forests of Sylhet Division. Previously, it also occurred in Chittagong Division. Its global range extends through Asia, including India, China and Myanmar.

 Status: It is a globally Near Threatened species. It is, however, considered a Data Deficient species in Bangladesh. It is protected by the Bangladesh Wildlife Preservation Act.

Miscellaneous: The scientific name Arborophila atrogularis means a black-throated tree-loving partridge (Latin: arbor = tree; Greek: philos = loving; Latin: ater = black, gula = throat).

[Sajeda Begum]



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Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of  Bangladesh -BIRDS-Volume 26- Page: 06.

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Sunday, April 28, 2019

Remnants of a Buddhist civilisation in Nateshwar

Farhana Mirza and Aanila Kishwar Tarannum

                                                    Copyright: Tiger Tours Limited

A bird’s-eye view of Nateshwar shows the archaeological site in its full glory, while a closer look at the ruins, below, reveal intricacies of the ancient stupas. Photo: Collected




The recently excavated Nateshwar archaeological site bears witness to the Bengal region’s thousand-year-old history, with its pyramid-shaped stupas, wide walkways, mandaps and households. Ranging from biological remains of flora and fauna, to terracotta, metal and stone artefacts and unique architecture, the archaeological findings at Nateshwar paint the picture of an ancient civilisation that once dwelled in the country we now call home.
After the remarkable feat of excavating the Wari-Bateshwar ruins, Dr Sufi Mustafizur Rahman, professor of archaeology at Jahangirnagar University, is the director of this project.
“The archaeological site of Nateshwar in Bikrampur has the potential to become a centre of Buddhist culture in South Asia, and earn its place as a world heritage site. From last December to March, we have conducted archaeological survey and excavation, discovering pyramid-shaped structures, and other important artefacts,” said Dr Sufi in a press briefing at Nateshwar excavation site in Munshiganj’s Tongibari upazila recently.




With support from the cultural affairs ministry and government’s archaeology division, this excavation and research project is being supervised by Bikrampur Foundation. The work began in 2010.




Dr Sufi mentioned, “In the years 2013-18, over 5,000 square metres of land was discovered. Last year, we excavated ancient residential structures in Ballalbari.” On the pyramid-like structure, Dr Sufi said, “This is a Buddhist stupa, akin to other stupas of this subcontinent such as Sanchi, Bharhut, Amaravati etc.”
“Preliminary excavation was done in nine sites in the years 2010-13. We discovered six rooms where monks once lived, one mandap (worship pavilion), and pentagonal stupa in Rampal union. In 2013 at Nateshwar’s Deul area, we found a Buddhist temple, octagonal stupas, brick walkway and drains,” he added.
Keeping in mind the huge scale and scope of the preservation work, Bikrampur Foundation partnered up with the Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology in China’s Hunan province. “Through carbon dating, we have determined two timelines for the Buddhist residences – 780-950 AD for the first period and 950-1223 AD for the second,” said Dr Sufi.
There is a temple made of brick, three octagonal stupas with mandap, 51-metre long brick roads, multiple rooms and hall rooms, and entryway. Before the rainy season hits in full swing, the archaeological sites will be specially protected to prevent water from getting in, said Dr Sufi. He also announced the end of this phase of the excavation for the year.
State Minister for Cultural Affairs, KM Khalid said at the briefing, “These archaeological treasures must be preserved. Detailed research efforts will reveal the correct history of this site to enrich Bengali culture.”
Abdul Gani, a local teacher who visited the site, said, “This discovery has the potential to change the face of this area. These valuable artefacts must be protected at any cost.”

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12:00 AM, April 25, 2019 / LAST MODIFIED: 02:35 AM, April 25, 2019